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Steve Clean Know-how, Innovation, and Nice Energy Competitors – Class 5 – AI and Machine Studying

This text first appeared in West Level’s Fashionable Conflict Institute.

We simply accomplished the fifth week of our new nationwide safety class at Stanford – Know-how, Innovation and Nice Energy CompetitorsJoe FelterRaj Shah and I designed the category to cowl how know-how will form all the weather of nationwide energy (America’s affect and footprint on the world stage).

In class 1, we realized that nationwide energy is the mixture of a rustic’s diplomacy, info/intelligence, its navy capabilities, financial power, finance, intelligence, and regulation enforcement. This “complete of presidency strategy” is understood by the acronym DIME-FIL.

Class 2 targeted on China, the U.S.’s main  nice energy competitor. China is utilizing all components of nationwide energy: diplomacy (delicate energy, alliances, coercion), info/ intelligence, its navy would possibly and financial power (Belt and Highway Initiative) in addition to exploiting Western finance and know-how. China’s purpose is to problem and overturn the U.S.-led liberal worldwide order and substitute it with a neo-totalitarian mannequin.

The third class targeted on Russia, which since 2014 has asserted itself as a competing nice energy. We realized how Russia pursues safety and financial pursuits in parallel with its ideological goals. At occasions, these aims complement one another. At different occasions they conflict, as Russian coverage is run by Vladimir Putin and his political establishments.

The fourth class shifted our focus to the impression business applied sciences have on DIME-FIL. The primary know-how we examined had been semiconductors, the oil of the twenty first century. The U.S. depends on TSMC, positioned in Taiwan, for its most superior logic chips. That is problematic as China claims Taiwan is a province of China.

At the moment’s class: Synthetic Intelligence / Machine Studying

Meet up with the category by studying our intro to the category, and summaries of Lessons 1, 2, 3 and 4


Required Readings

Introduction to AI

The AI Arms Race: Reality or Fiction?

China’s AI Technique

Russian AI Technique

US AI Technique

Obama Administration

Trump Administration

Biden Administration

Different AI and Nationwide Safety Assets

Studying Project Questions:

Choose one of many beneath questions and reply in roughly 100 phrases, primarily based on the required readings. Please notice that this project shall be graded and depend in the direction of course participation.

  1. How would you characterize the geopolitical AI Arms Race? Is an “arms race” the suitable lens by way of which to know this phenomenon, or is there one other solution to higher perceive nice energy competitors within the AI area?
  2. Can the U.S. study any classes from China’s AI technique?

Class 5 – Visitor Audio system

Our audio system for our fifth class had been Mike Brown, Nand Mulchandani and Jacqueline Tame.

Mike Brown is the director of the Protection Innovation Unit (DIU) – a Division of Protection group that contracts with business corporations to unravel nationwide safety issues. Beforehand Mike was the CEO of Symantec and Quantum.

Nand Mulchandani is the Chief Know-how Officer of the Joint Synthetic Intelligence Heart (JAIC). The JAIC is the point of interest of the Division of Protection AI technique.

Jacqueline Tame was the previous Performing Deputy Director of the JAIC and the architect of the JAIC “Gamechanger,” an AI-driven Coverage Evaluation Software.

Mike Brown led off the session with an summary of the Protection Innovation Unit (DIU).

Should you can’t see Mike Brown’s Protection Innovation Unit presentation click on right here.

Key takeaways from Mike’s discuss had been that 1) 50 years in the past defense-related R&D made up 36% of world R&D. At the moment, defense-related R&D is 4%. Key applied sciences wanted by protection in the present day are made by business corporations (5G, AI, biotech, quantum, entry to area, batteries, and so forth.) 2) The highest tech corporations (Fb, Alphabet, Microsoft, Amazon, and Apple) outspend U.S. prime contractors 11 to 1 in R&D ($70.5B versus $6.2B.)

DIU’s position is to seek out after which funnel business know-how into the DoD by prototyping, transitioning, and scaling options. They’ve (by DoD requirements) a particularly quick pipeline from drawback curation, to evaluating and choosing corporations, then prototyping initiatives and inserting them into DoD packages. AI/MLis likely one of the six core areas DIU focuses on (together with area, autonomy, superior power and supplies, cyber and human programs.) DIU AI/ML has three traces of effort: machine Studying predictions, huge information evaluation, enhanced choice making.

Nand Mulchandani described the position and the initiatives of the JAIC. One specifically, Gamechanger, was conceived and run by Jacqueline Tame.

Gamechanger makes use of AI to deal with an issue solely a authorities might create. The DoD and federal rules have 10’s of 1000’s of insurance policies, legal guidelines, rules that inform decision-makers what they will or can’t do. These exist somewhere else on completely different networks and alter virtually every day. Now you may merely kind a pure language question that asks, “Do I’ve the authority do x?” Or, “How can buy this merchandise shortly?” and so forth.

Lecture 5

Should you can’t see the slides, click on right here

Our first dialogue at school (Slide 7) was whether or not Nicholas Chaillan’s (the primary Air Drive Chief Software program Officer) declare that we now have already misplaced the AI battle to China was right.

Slides 9-14 kicked off the dialogue of the geopolitical implications of AI. Given each China and Russia have made a AI a nationwide effort, how will AI impression all points of DIME (Diplomatic, Intelligence, Navy, and Financial) and nationwide energy? What are the impacts of AI created deep fakes? AI automating picture recognition of satellite tv for pc information? AI creating optimum ideas of operations? AI-tuned cyber-attacks? AI cyber safety? AI sensible/predicative upkeep? and so forth.  The place will we first see its impacts? What’s going to our response be?

Class Dialogue Questions: (Slide 15)

  • How would you characterize the strengths and weaknesses of the U.S.’s AI Technique?
  • How would you advise the Biden Administration to pursue an AI Technique?

Subsequent week: Autonomy and Unmanned Programs

Classes Discovered

  • AI and machine studying is a important know-how that can impression all points of DIME (Diplomatic, Intelligence, Navy, and Financial) and nationwide energy
  • A lot of the superior work in AI/ML is occurring in business corporations and universities not the DoD
    • China and Russia have made AI and machine studying nationwide priorities
  • The Protection Innovation Unit (DIU) exists to seek out after which funnel business know-how like AI/ML into the DoD
  • The Joint Synthetic Intelligence Heart (JAIC) is the point of interest of the Division of Protection AI technique



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